In this article, I will explain the steps or tutorial how to install Linux Mint. Linux mint is an Operating System (OS) Linux distribution based on Debian and Ubuntu. Linux Mint itself has a different look with Ubuntu, where desktop display is more user friendly for Windows users who want to migrate to Linux Mint immediately. And the most desirable thing is the use of the software on Linux Mint itself is free.
Linux Mint has 4 desktop options namely Cinnamon, MATE, XFCE, KDE and Debian (the only one not based on Ubuntu) where each has its own advantages and disadvantages. In this tutorial, I use the Linux Mint desktop Cinnamon 18.3 “Sylvia” (latest version) because for better desktop look, neat and attractive compared to other types. For other versions, you do not worry because the steps are not much different.
The interface of Linux Mint is more modern and certainly will not be foreign to Windows operating system users who want to try. Because the look of this operating system is very similar to Windows. So Windows users do not worry about the use of this operating system because Windows users certainly will not find it difficult to adapt. Then, Linux Mint Cinnamon also has a very innovative feature on desktop productivity with its very fast development technology.
How to install Linux Mint Cinnamon can be on single-boot or dual-boot that can co-exist with other operating systems. It’s a good idea to backup your data to minimize the loss of data in case of error when choosing the memory partition option or during the installation process. Before installing Linux Mint Cinnamon 18.3 it’s good if you notice the things below:
- The laptop has at least 1 GB of RAM with a minimum storage space of 11 GB
- Provide a blank flash with a storage capacity of at least 2GB as a Bootable media.
- If you install on a laptop, make sure your laptop battery is not depleted while the installation process is in progress. We recommend that while charging your laptop to minimize the things that are not desirable.
- Download Rufus software to make bootable USB flash.
- Download the Linux Mint Desktop Cinnamon 18.3 “Sylvia”
- Make bootable USB flash using Rufus that has been downloaded before by entering the ISO file operating Linux Mint Desktop Cinnamon 18.3. Tutorial for bootable flash can be read here.
How to Setting BIOS for Booting from Flashdisk
In the installation process of this Linux Mint operating system, I use a flash as a bootable media. So, first set the BIOS on your computer.
- Insert the flash to your laptop. Restart your laptop and press on the F2 or Del keyboard (depending on the settings of each laptop to enter the BIOS).
- Next select the Boot tab.
- Then on the Boot priority order, select your flash (usually the detected brand flashdisk)> Then Save and Exit by pressing the keyboard F10 key.
How to Install Linux Mint
1. After setting up the BIOS, the installation process of the Linux Mint operating system begins. Wait for the loading to finish.
2. Select the language that will be used during the installation process, I choose English> Select Continue.
3. At this stage, you will be offered to install the software during the installation process or after completion. The process of installing the software requires a good internet connection. I recommend not installing the software if your internet connection is unstable. This is so that when the Linux Mint installation process does not have an error. Simply click Continue without menceklis.
4. In the installation type, select Something else> click Continue. This something else part is useful for you who want to create your own partition to minimize the operating system one more (if dual boot).
5. Next go to the partition. Click New partition table to create the desired partition.
6. Then click Continue.
7. This partition will be divided into two parts: firstly Swap Area used as backup memory, and second Root as data storage during installation process and place of storage after finished installation process. Then click the plus sign icon designated by the red arrow in the image below to add the partition.
8. Fill in the Size as you see fit. My swap size is only 1 GB, so to specify this swap size does not need to be too big. Then select the Primary option> select Beginning of this space> Select swap area in Use as> then click OK.
9. Your swap partition has been successfully created. Then create a new partition again for Root. click the plus icon as before.
10. Fill Size (I do not change the size specified by computer automatically)> Select Logical> Select Beginning of this space> Then choose Ext4 journaling file system> Select / on Mount point> Select OK.
11. The Root Partition has been successfully created. Next click Install Now.
12. Click Continue to continue the installation process.
Step 12 – continue
13. Select your regional time zone> Continue.
14. Select Language> Click Continue.
15. Furthermore the contents of the form are available. Fill in your name, computer name, username, and password> Click Continue.
16. Wait until the installation is complete.
17. After the installation process is complete, restart your computer by clicking Restart Now.
18. Wait until the process of restarting your computer is complete. If dual boot, select Linux Mint on dual boot option. After logging into the Linux Mint operating system, enter the password that you created earlier and press Enter.
19. The installation process of Linux Mint operating system has been successfully done.
So many tutorials how to install Linux Mint Desktop Cinnamon 18.3 “Sylvia” on laptop. You can choose the Linux Mint desktop type to suit your needs as well as your laptop’s specifications. Hopefully the installation process you did was successful and hopefully this article useful for you.